Linux File System Hierarchy Structure

The Linux File system

This is a short explanation of the Linux file system Hierarchy. In a Linux system, all files are stored on file systems. A file-system hierarchy is the organization of these files into a single inverted tree of directories. The tree of directories is said to be inverted since its root at the top of the hierarchy, and the branches of directories and sub-directories stretch below the root.

Linux File system Hierarchy
All files on a Linux system are stored on file systems which are organized into a single inverted tree of directories know as a file system hierarchy.
The directory / is the root directory at the top of the file system hierarchy.
  • /bin : bin is sub directory of the root directory. The contains the executable program.
  • /boot : boot is sub directory of the root directory. The contains the kernel image files and initrd file.
  • /dev : dev is sub directory of the root directory. This directory contains special or device files information’s.
  • /etc : etc is sub directory of the root directory. This directory contains system configuration files.
  • /home : home is  sub directory of the root directory. This user home directory
  • /root : root is  root home directory.
  • /run : run is sub directory of the root directory. This directory contains application run time date.
  • /usr : Contains installed software programs and libraries.
  • /usr/bin : This directory contains regular user commands and utilities.
  • /usr/sbin : This directory contains system administration binaries file for root use.
  • /tmp : tmp is  sub directory of the root directory and  contains temporary files.
  • /var : is  sub directory of the root directory This directory contains logs file.
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